HomeAugust 2012Nature or Nurture?

Nature or Nurture?

A question to ask yourself: Is your belief in God based on faith or is it based on logic?
In discussing the commandment of “honor thy father and thy mother,” the Gemara states the following: “When the nations of the world heard the first two commandments, commanding that there were to be no other gods before the Almighty, they were repelled by what they saw as God’s concern with His own honor; but when they heard the commandment of honoring one’s parents, they reconsidered and accepted the first commandments as well.”
What insight did they gain from hearing the fifth commandment, making them change their thinking and accept the first two commandments?  Because, in truth, in looking carefully at their original reasoning, we might induce that their argument about God’s honor actually has some logic!
It was the commandment to honor their parents that persuaded the nations of the world to accept the first two commandments as opposed to B’nai Yisroel who accepted each individual command on its own merit.  What is the implication of this difference in attitude?  What does honoring parents signify?
The attitude of many is that it is critical to honor a parent because it is rational, rather that God’s commandment.  Observing a moral code is a guarantee of one’s own security and self preservation; we “do unto others as we would have done unto us.”  The rational, humanistic practice of honoring one’s own parents is a kind of insurance policy, and many are prepared to pay this against “old age.”  Consequently, from respecting parents, it is an easy jump to accept religion.  Most faith-based teaching shares that God is the third partner in the creation of man.  The nations subsequently and naturally honor God by appreciating the benefits to both individuals and society.
The motivation of the Jews was different.  In their case, belief in God and gratitude to Him for all His gifts is the basis of their moral code, the seed from which the entire organism of religion, ritual and ethics emanate.  For Jews, faith is the cardinal virtue, and obedience to God’s will – whether or not it is accessible to human reason – forms the greatness of B’nai Yisroel.  In celebrating the miracles that have been done for us historically as well as the gifts that we receive daily, our ethical awareness develops into a sense of gratitude to God.  This gratitude leads one to the honoring of parents for bringing us into the world.  This process of religious development is the opposite of the nations.  For those who call themselves God-fearing, parents are the starting points of a truly spiritual life.  From this point of view, ingratitude to parents can be interpreted as a symptom of a deep alienation from God.

From the Torah to Your Table
The Chofetz Chaim said, “He who believes will not be troubled by doubts and as for him who does not believe, explanations will be of no avail.”

Thought and Speech
Words are the pen of the heart.  (Chovos Halvovos)

Av-Elul 5772
Candle Lighting Times and Torah Portions

Friday, August 3
Light candles at 7:34 p.m.
Saturday, August 4
Torah Portion: Va’ethanan (Deuteronomy 3:23-7:11)
Friday, August 10
Light candles at 7:27 p.m.
Saturday, August 11
Torah Portion: Ekev
(Deuteronomy 7:12-11:25)
Friday, August 17
Light candles at 7:19 p.m.
Saturday, August 18
Torah Portion: Re’eh
(Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17)
Friday, August 24
Light candles at 7:11 p.m.
Saturday, August 25
Torah Portion: Shoftim
(Deuteronomy 16:18-21:19)
Friday, August 31
Light candles at 7:02 p.m.

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